Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Are Megacities Ready For The Megacity Car?


During the i3's development, BMW often used a large city as a backdrop for the concept i3 photo shoots. 
Megacity: A metropolitan area with a total population in excess of ten million people.

BMW has all along told us that the i3 was designed for urban transport, a glimpse at the future of personal mobility in the megacities of the world. Heck, the code name for it was even "The Megacity Car."  However now that the i3 has been available for over a year, BMW is realizing that the Megacity car is selling better outside the city limits.

I've never really accepted that the i3 would do well in the megacity markets, at least in the US, and I've voiced that opinion on many occasions. Having lived with electric cars for the past six years, I've had the experience of driving and charging in the both suburbs and in the city, so I'm intimately aware of the challenges of public charging. I live about 50 miles from New York City and go there frequently. Driving my electric cars to and around the city isn't a problem, however charging it there is. There just aren't enough places to charge your car there to make living with an EV in New York City palatable. There are public parking garages and a few lots that have EVSEs, but finding one that works is one problem. Then, if you're lucky enough to find a lot that has one which is working, you often have to fight with the attendant to make sure they plug you in once you've left your car there.
My car was unplugged after only about 45 minutes of charging. It was sitting right where I left it so they didn't need to move it, someone there just decided to unplug me. With only 28% state of charge, I needed the range extender to get me home. This is a typical EV charging experience in NYC
The last three times I've gone to the City I had nothing but problems getting my car charged. In fact, two of those times I had to drive home using my range extender because the car wasn't charged. Just last week I went to the New York Auto Show and parked at the 9th Avenue Edison Park Fast lot because it had a ChargePoint charging station. When I pulled in I told the attendant I needed to charge for a minimum of three hours and he seemed to understand what I was saying. He said "Oh this is electric? No problem I'll plug you in." I even gave the guy a $5 tip up front with the hopes that he'd take care of me. As I was walking to the Javits Center a few minutes later I checked my BMW i Remote app and saw my car was charging so I figured I was good. I left the car with only 10% state of charge and wanted to be at at least 90% for the trip home, and that would take about three hours of charging. No problem because I planned to be at the show for about six hours. As I was walking back to my car later that day I checked my app just to make sure I was charged and to my surprise I saw I was only at 28% SOC and the car wasn't charging. When I arrived I asked why my car wasn't charged and the attendant only said, "We charged it."  I figured maybe they had to move it for some reason, or maybe another EV came that needed to charge but no, someone just decided to unplug it after about 45 minutes of charging. The car was still parked in front of the EVSE, it wasn't blocking anyone so it hadn't been moved, it was just unplugged hours ago for no apparent reason.
This time in New York I was able to charge up at an underground parking garage, but only after 45 minuted on the phone with ChargePoint trying to get this unprovisioned station operational.
This has happened before to me in New York City, so I wasn't really surprised. I've even had the attendant promise to plug me in and never do it. I now either wait to watch them plug it in or check my app as I'm walking away to make sure someone plugs it in. Luckily I had the REx to bail me out or I'd have been in a real jam, as I needed to be somewhere else in about an hour.
Electric range insufficient. Not what you want to see when you return to your car after leaving it in a public parking lot to charge. Luckily I had the range extender to fall back on. 
I could go on and on about previous difficulties I've had trying to charge in the city, but I think I'll dedicate an entire post to that sometime soon. The point here is charging an EV in the city is difficult at best. Yes, if you live there it is possible to make arrangements with the garage where you keep your car, and install an EVSE for your personal use, but many of the garages don't have the additional electrical capacity for a dedicated 40 amp circuit even if you're willing to pay for the installation and the electric, so the owners are stuck plugging into a simple 120v outlet and slow charging all of the time. Beam Charging network in New York has stations in various parking garages and offers a $98 per month unlimited charging plan, but you still have to find accessible stations and pay the regular parking fee which can be very expensive. It's definitely doable, but not very convenient or inexpensive.

So it was no surprise when I read an article this week by Diana Kurylko of the Automotive News quoting BMW NA CEO Ludwig Willisch saying i3 sales have been weaker than expected in large cities like New York: "The strongholds in this country are parts of California, Texas and southern Florida, rather than large cities, he said" The article further says: "The big urban centers in the Northeast, especially New York City, haven't embraced the i3, Willisch said. Unlike Californians, he said, New Yorkers apparently don't have sustainability and the environment "at the top of minds." I don't think it's a lack of a desire to be sustainable as much as it's difficulty charging the car there. California has a much more mature public charging infrastructure, and most people there live in private residences, unlike New York City. Overall, BMW is pleased with US i3 sales, and they are on pace to sell about 12,000 i3s per year here, they just seem to be a little surprised where the sales are coming from. I'm certainly not surprised, and I even wrote a post about a year ago that said the i3 was better suited for suburban and country life than life in the city, and I listed the reasons why I believe that to be true.

My i3 lives about 50 miles west of New York City... and fits in perfectly
Living in the suburbs or the country means you are usually in control of your energy supply, because most people live in single family homes there. There can be issues if you live in an apartment or condo complex, but you also have the choice to move to another location close by if charging is prohibited in the complex you live in. Living in a private residence allows you to install the home charging equipment you need, so you're not relying on public charging infrastructure as much.

Accessibility to charging is paramount for daily EV life, and in New York the public charging infrastructure has a very long way to go before it becomes convenient enough for many more people to consider an EV if they live there. Life in the big city is tough enough, and fighting on a daily basis for somewhere to charge your car is probably something most New Yorkers aren't willing to deal with. However there is hope that things will get better. Last year New York City passed the "Charger Ready Bill" which requires all new construction in New York City to dedicate 20% of the new parking spaces for EV charging spaces. I actually was asked by Mayor Bloomberg's office to testify in front of the committees on buildings and transportation in favor of the bill, which I did. This law will dramatically increase the amount of public charging locations in New York City, but it will take years before the results are really seen.

So are megacities like New York ready for electric cars? Not really. Not yet, I'm afraid. 

345 comments:

  1. Very important points. Generally, the charging infrastructure is insufficient in most places in the USA. I would also add that one place I would like to see charging stations would be "out in the boonies", must the opposite of the megacity. What do I mean by this? Charging stations at county, state, national parks, campsites, hiking trailheads, skiing areas, etc., etc. AND a charging infrastructure that gets me to and from these outdoor recreational areas. In Colorado, a great outdoors state, basically there is only a charging corridor along I-70, and even that's limited. I guarantee charging corridors to outdoor areas here, and elsewhere would get used -- and, no, please do not just build these along the interstates.

    ReplyDelete
  2. I don't think every megacity is like New York - the London charging infrastructure isn't perfect, but it's way better than you described there and the incoming "ultra low emissions zone" in 2020 will make EVs far more attractive. But it STILL has the fundamental problem that people living in cities often have no access to a regular parking spot adjacent to their property. Suburbs are the biggest market, no question.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Tom, as usual, you are spot on. America is not a nation of cities. It is a nation of suburbs where most Americans live and work. it is very different from Europe. Even Europe's small towns and cities are very much different from our suburbs. Except for New York City and a couple of others, our cities are spread out without a real urban center, such as Los Angeles, Miami and Houston. We did us the term, "megacities" which was popular in the 1960s to describe the living arrangements of Americans from Boston to Washington, D.C. It was actually a political term to redefine American federalism, setting states aside for a direct federal--urban connection. Like all constructs of social scientists, reality overwhelmed theory as Americans moved from cities to the suburbs in the 1970s and 80s. "Metropolitan Areas" is a statistical term used by the U.S. Census to describe cities and adjoining suburbs, but short of this, the idea of a Megacity Car does not suit the American landscape. It is a perfect car for suburban life--for the roads and freeways connecting the burbs for work, shopping and recreation. It is also a perfect commuter car for those who drive daily to cities large and small for work and other activities but who retreat at night to the burbs where their lives are centered. I bought the i3 for exactly these activities--suburban driving and driving into the "city" twice a week for work or doctor's visits. The term, "megacity" had no bearing on my reason for buying the i3--indeed, it was discouraging since I don't view myself as living in the city--nor as a descriptive for the American market for i3s.

    ReplyDelete
  4. I live in LA and our megacity extends into the "suburbs" which are not all that different than the downtown areas. It is the "freeways" everywhere here that connect us and so one can drive 50 miles into LA, but from and through urban areas the whole way. One thing confused me about your experience is that you had to have a person at the parking garage plug you in. You cannot just drive into the spot and plug in? Here in LA I have never seen a parking attendant mess with the cars.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Tom, The problem isn't the infrastructure, but rather the PEOPLE that are supposed to be doing THEIR JOB. YOU should have reported them to the management. There are plenty of people looking for work that I'm sure would find it no problem to plug in a car. Of course you're not fond or convinced electric cars are viable now. Let me guess your personal car is a Honda, correct?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. what's wrong with honda, retard?

      Delete
  6. Anonymous: Did you read this post? Tom drives an i3 and has been driving electric cars for nearly a decade! He's probably more convinced of the viability of electric cars than 99% of the population. His wife does drive an ICE but if I remember correctly it's a Chevy.

    Good post as always, Tom

    ReplyDelete
  7. Forgive me, I though you were just another reviewer, and yes, I am new around here, Although I too have been driving electrics for near long as you. I still take issue with what you wrote. For people trying to decide if they want to go electric, articles like this scare them from doing so. It makes it sound like a huge problem, and maybe it is in your area. I really think the problems needed to be addressed by you, to management to get these knuckleheads to plug it in and leave it plugged in until fully charged. Educating them is what's needed, but reporting on a problem and not doing anything about it, is just as bad or worse than the actual problem.

    Electric cars (and hopefully soon trucks) are the future, and the more common they become, hopefully the smaller the issues, but please report these morons to their management.

    ReplyDelete
  8. I had a similar experience parking in NYC recently. I parked my iMiEV at an Edison ParkFast location near the Botanical Garden and they plugged me in (after I explained how the chargepoint equipment worked). Then I had lunch and came back 1.5 hours later to a car that had only been charging for 15 minutes!

    The problem was that they had to move my car to park someone else and they didn't realize the charging session stopped when they did that even though they plugged me back in. So they tried to do the right thing, but because they were unfamiliar with the technology, they foiled my charging plans and I needed to wasted another hour or two charging somewhere else.

    I agree that electric cars work better in suburbs where you can plug them in at home more easily and you don't have to rely on parking attendants to charge your car.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Since this is the most recent thread I can find I figured I'd start here. Im picking up my first EV, an i3, today. I plan on using this car to commute from the suburbs to NYC on a daily basis...hoping to ask Tom, or anyone that has insight, some "real world" questions about ownership and expectations. Would be happy to take this off the blog and use a personal email.

    ReplyDelete
  10. It sounds like NYC is way, way, less friendly to electric cars than London.

    I have an i3 REx and I live in Oxford, and I often commute down to London (distance of 55 miles) for a few hours of meetings. The i3 is actually the BEST POSSIBLE car for this, regardless of whether you're an electric car fan. Here's why

    1. The centre of London has a congestion charging zone. You pay about £11/day. Except that ultra-low emission vehicles get 100% exempt once registered.

    2. In London there are hundreds of road side parking bays that are electric vehicle ONLY. Often all the regular bays along a road are full, but there are one or two electric spaces just waiting for me. Parking there is typically FREE whereas the regular spots are e.g. £5/hour (varies widely) and of course the electric is free (one needs a "Source London" card but it has infinite usage).

    3. The actual carparks are typically commercially run so that I must pay the same charge as other users, but often their electric charging points are associated with bays that can only be used by electric cars.

    BONUS: One of the boroughs (i.e. districts) called Westminster actually allows free parking in ANY road side space for full electric cars, regardless of whether it is a dedicated electric bay.

    All this means that I aim to get to London, have my meetings, and get back at the cost of one full electric charge (~£3), whereas even a small/efficient petrol car will pay fuel+congestion+parking that can easily add up to £50.

    ReplyDelete
  11. You can easily set aside a lot of directed adventures with assorted car experts. Various deal great delivers several might take your corporation for a tour to a market location, or perhaps for a trip to new york. ?????? ??? travel gudier

    ReplyDelete
  12. i would have to make more christmas cards becuase next month is december already- the traveler season

    ReplyDelete
  13. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon! coreldraw software buy online

    ReplyDelete
  14. Ill do this if need to as much as I hope that is not too far off the track. solidworks price south africa

    ReplyDelete
  15. Texting is a popular form of communication and businesses should maximize its potential in attracting new clients and building awareness. Need a boost during off-seasons? SMS services help you keep your customers engaged especially when there is a decline in travel activity. One way to boost customer engagement is to send interesting content that is related to their travel preference and history. You can take this further by providing travelers with in-depth look of what the destination is like and what they can expect to find. Similarly, you post eye-catching pictures on your website and social media sites to fan customer's interest and entice them to visit. Relax outside Bristol

    ReplyDelete
  16. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your site? My blog is in the exact same area of interest as yours and my visitors would truly benefit from some of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this ok with you. Thanks! cad4sale.com

    ReplyDelete
  17. A lot of companies and people claim that if you join them, you can travel for free... or even better: GET PAID TO TRAVEL. But, is this true? What kind of business pays someone to travel? How can everyday people get paid to travel... or travel for free? https://check-distance.com/route/chicago-il/kansas-city-mo

    ReplyDelete
  18. I real delighted to find this site on bing, just what I was looking for : D also bookmarked . 4k

    ReplyDelete
  19. Cheap Handbags Wholesale You should think about doing growing this web site to a major authority in this particular market. You clearly contain a grasp handle in the topics so many people are looking for on this website anyways therefore you could indisputably even create a dollar or two off of some advertising. I’d explore following recent topics and raising how many write ups putting up and i guarantee you???d begin seeing some awesome web traffic in the near future. Simply a thought, all the best in whatever you do! Mallorca in 4K

    ReplyDelete
  20. There is no dearth of travel enthusiasts in India. Most Indian travelers prefer international destinations to spend their holidays. In spite of increased awareness about travel insurance policies, most people shy away from buying travel insurance plans because of their lack of understanding about the benefits associated with travel covers. This article aims to educate Indian travelers about the advantage of availing travel policies, so they stay secured during their trips without having to spend much. Mallorca Balearic Islands

    ReplyDelete
  21. In case you are just now waking up, the internet has taken the world by storm. Businesses large and small are now 'global' because there are no boundaries Information is infinite, easy and extremely fast to obtain. One of the largest industries in our global economy is the Travel & Tourism Sector. Along with everything else, it has adapted to our new, online world--and is booming because of it. The travel industry is becoming a global force and is showing no signs of slowing down. Greece in 4k

    ReplyDelete
  22. In case you are just now waking up, the internet has taken the world by storm. Businesses large and small are now 'global' because there are no boundaries Information is infinite, easy and extremely fast to obtain. One of the largest industries in our global economy is the Travel & Tourism Sector. Along with everything else, it has adapted to our new, online world--and is booming because of it. The travel industry is becoming a global force and is showing no signs of slowing down. Merlion

    ReplyDelete
  23. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is very cool. I’m impressed by the details that you¡¦ve on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched all over the place and simply couldn’t come across. What a perfect web-site. rentacarkosova bauriful nature

    ReplyDelete
  24. you can also give your baby some antibacterial baby socks to ensure that your baby is always clean* 먹튀사이트

    ReplyDelete
  25. Appreciation for this interesting writing. From the time that I commenced working on understanding much more with this topic, my entire life has better tremendously. I are looking at the choice of adding the opposite thing to my career for a year. For a nice and pleased with the sort of information I have gained from various websites, especially your site. I have a smaller budget to certainly obtain ebooks and video tutorials but your site is a good help to myself. 먹튀

    ReplyDelete
  26. In case you are just now waking up, the internet has taken the world by storm. Businesses large and small are now 'global' because there are no boundaries Information is infinite, easy and extremely fast to obtain. One of the largest industries in our global economy is the Travel & Tourism Sector. Along with everything else, it has adapted to our new, online world--and is booming because of it. The travel industry is becoming a global force and is showing no signs of slowing down. Oman National Museum

    ReplyDelete
  27. Do you remember Travel Agencies? Travel Agents? I do... I did not see a need for them, but you may be shocked as to the True Details of Money lost! And who is really taking your money Now! homepage

    ReplyDelete
  28. Travelling is one activity that every individual must undertake at one time or the other, as part of their earthly existence; it does not matter what the purpose of travel is, or whether the travel is local or international. A lot of people actually look forward to travelling to other parts of the world for various reasons and purposes, including but not limited to business, tourism, vacation, pilgrimage, education and for medical attention. کشتی نوید دریا کیش

    ReplyDelete
  29. As a host, you need to stay ahead of the competition, and knowing how to market your vacation rental property gives you a huge competitive advantage. Coming up with a successful marketing strategy can seem like a daunting task, but it’s not as challenging as it first appears how does vrbo work for owners

    ReplyDelete
  30. Positive experiences that lead to positive reviews are incredibly valuable, but even negative experiences can be used to prove your value in a review. how to market a vacation rental

    ReplyDelete
  31. Addresses the lack of representation for smaller travel businesses around the world who do not normally use retail or wholesale travel agents and the issue of fairer fare prices for traveler who book directly with travel operators. Travelocity

    ReplyDelete
  32. Addresses the lack of representation for smaller travel businesses around the world who do not normally use retail or wholesale travel agents and the issue of fairer fare prices for traveler who book directly with travel operators. tengeri szállítmányozás Europa-Road Kft

    ReplyDelete
  33. Feel the local vibe. Avoid the impersonal, standardized hoteling and explore the holiday apartments and rentals. budapest Apartments for sale

    ReplyDelete
  34. Hello! I merely would wish to offer a enormous thumbs up for your excellent information you have here with this post. I will be coming back to your blog post for more soon. 먹튀

    ReplyDelete
  35. A lot of companies and people claim that if you join them, you can travel for free... or even better: GET PAID TO TRAVEL. But, is this true? What kind of business pays someone to travel? How can everyday people get paid to travel... or travel for free? men weekender bag

    ReplyDelete
  36. A lot of companies and people claim that if you join them, you can travel for free... or even better: GET PAID TO TRAVEL. But, is this true? What kind of business pays someone to travel? How can everyday people get paid to travel... or travel for free? men weekender bag

    ReplyDelete
  37. Nice site, very well made ~ Please keep updating, I will def read more. I’ll bookmark it and be backk! 918kiss kiss918 apk download

    ReplyDelete
  38. I am so happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  39. I have been reading out a few of your posts and i must say nice stuff. I will surely bookmark your site. 파워볼사이트

    ReplyDelete
  40. Hey, you used to write fantastic, but the last several posts have been kinda boring…토토사이트 I miss your tremendous writings. Past several posts are just a bit out of track! come on!

    ReplyDelete
  41. Very nice article, I enjoyed reading your post, 토토사이트 very nice share, I want to twit this to my followers. Thanks!. 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  42. Finding the perfect apartment rental is great- but to turn that apartment into a home, you're going to need some furniture to fill out the space. However, don't just rush out to the nearest store and buy the biggest leather couch money can buy. Sometimes, purchasing your furniture outright isn't always the best solution - it's often wiser to rent or lease your furniture, especially if you're only going to be living in your apartment for a couple months at a time. If you're in this situation, it might be worth your while to check out a rent-to-own store. book online room for rent

    ReplyDelete
  43. Thanks for sharing the post.. parents are worlds best person in each lives of individual..they need or must succeed to sustain needs of the family. 먹튀검증 I was looking for this particular info for a very long time 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  44. honeymoon villas start with a special feet washing by flower petals. balayı villaları

    ReplyDelete
  45. This is one very interesting post. I like the way you write and I will bookmark your blog to my favorites.토토커뮤니티

    ReplyDelete
  46. I got a web site from where I be capable of really obtain valuable information regarding my study and knowledge.
    Great Article… Good Job… Thanks For Sharing…

    Website:카지노커뮤니티


    ReplyDelete
  47. Unbelievable!! The problem I was thinking about was solved.카지노사이트You are really awesome.

    ReplyDelete
  48. I was exceptionally satisfied to discover this site.I needed to thank you for this extraordinary read 사설토토사이트!! I certainly getting a charge out of each and every piece of it and I have you bookmarked to look at new stuff you 안전놀이터.

    ReplyDelete
  49. Simply unadulterated brilliance from you here 발삼 . I have never expected something not as much as this from you and 먹튀검증 have not confounded me by any reach out of the inventive vitality. I acknowledge you will keep the quality work going on.

    ReplyDelete
  50. That's a great article! The neatly organized content is good to see. Can I quote a blog and write it on my blog? My blog has a variety of communities including these articles. Would you like to visit me later? 온라인홀덤

    ReplyDelete
  51. Everyone needs a place to live. Traditionally, here in Australia, that statement has meant that you simply had one of two choices - rent a place or own one. However, there is now a third option available to you known as rent to own. room for rent

    ReplyDelete
  52. Many thanks for the article, I have a lot of spray lining knowledge but always learn something new. Keep up the good work and thank you again. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  53. I was exceptionally satisfied to discover this site.I needed to thank you for this extraordinary read 사설토토사이트!! I certainly getting a charge out of each and every piece of it and I have you bookmarked to look at new stuff you 안전놀이터.

    ReplyDelete
  54. Simply unadulterated brilliance from you here 발삼 . I have never expected something not as much as this from you and 먹튀검증 have not confounded me by any reach out of the inventive vitality. I acknowledge you will keep the quality work going on.This is a great post!I didn't overdo it because of the inflated content , and I feel that I tried to keep the reader from 토토커뮤니티 feeling the burden with concise content.

    ReplyDelete
  55. I was looking for another article by chance and found your article먹튀검증 I am writing on this topic, so I think it will help a lot. I leave my blog address below. Please visit once.

    ReplyDelete
  56. Wonderful post! This post has uncovered hidden treasures on blog commenting. 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  57. Thanks for the tips guys. They were all great. I have been having issues with being fat both mentally and physically. Thanks to you guys i have been showing improvements. Do post more. 안전놀이터추천

    ReplyDelete
  58. Hmm!! This blog is really cool, I’m so lucky that I have reached here and got this awesome information. 카지노사이트

    ReplyDelete
  59. Great article! I truly enjoyed reading it! 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  60. Great survey, I'm sure you're getting a great response. 안전놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  61. This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  62. Hello I am a student who runs a blog with similar content to your website. 토토사이트 thanks! Your website has a lot to learn. If you have time, I would appreciate it if you visit my blog and leave your feedback. Thank you. Have a good day

    ReplyDelete
  63. Hello
    Thank you for giving me useful information.
    Please keep posting good information in the future
    I will visit you often. Thank you.
    I am also running the site. 메이저놀이터 This is a related site, so please visit once.
    Have a niceday!

    ReplyDelete
  64. My curiosity was solved by looking at your writing. Your writing was helpful to me.온라인바둑이I want to help you too.

    ReplyDelete
  65. Very informative post! There is a lot of information here that can help any business get started with a successful social networking campaign. 안전놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  66. This seller is in a class of his own. He delivers consistently high quality back links with exceptionally high DA. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  67. I feel a lot more people need to read this, very good info 이기자벳

    ReplyDelete
  68. I like the data. I've been using this stuff lately.먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  69. I came to this site with the introduction of a friend around me and I was very impressed when I found your writing. I'll come back often after bookmarking! 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  70. Very good article, I enjoyed reading your post, very good part, I want to tweet this to my followers. Thank you 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  71. Why couldn't I have the same or similar opinions as you? T^T I hope you also visit my blog and give us a good opinion.먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  72. I got a web site from where I be capable of really obtain valuable information regarding my study and knowledge.
    Great Article… Good Job… Thanks For Sharing…

    Website:강남안마

    ReplyDelete
  73. That's a wonderful piece of writing. Not as good as you, but I'm wearing it like this. Take a look.먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  74. provide very useful data. This post gives me lots of advise it is very useful for me. It helps me Agen Judi Bola Online 스포츠토토
    Terpercaya very much to solve some problems. Thanks for sharing.

    ReplyDelete
  75. with so many information. Stopping by your blog helped me to get what I was looking for 사설검증사이트 additional posts you include.

    ReplyDelete
  76. Sweet blog! I found it while browsing on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get
    there! Thank you
    Also visit my site:강남안마

    ReplyDelete
  77. I've been troubled for several days with this topic. 메이저놀이터, But by chance looking at your post solved my problem! I will leave my blog, so when would you like to visit it?

    ReplyDelete
  78. I came to this site with the introduction of a friend around me and I was very impressed when I found your writing. I'll come back often after bookmarking! 메이저놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  79. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the leisure here! Keep up the good work. I have been meaning to write something like this on my website and you have given me an idea. 메이저놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  80. Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work. Pest control london

    ReplyDelete
  81. I am very impressed with your writing온라인포커 I couldn't think of this, but it's amazing! I wrote several posts similar to this one, but please come and see!

    ReplyDelete
  82. I got a web site from where I be capable of really obtain valuable information regarding my study and knowledge.
    Great Article… Good Job… Thanks For Sharing…

    Website:오피

    ReplyDelete
  83. It's too bad to check your article late. I wonder what it would be if we met a little faster. I want to exchange a little more, but please visit my site 바카라사이트 and leave a message!!

    ReplyDelete
  84. I’m thinking some of my readers might find a bit of this interesting. Do you mind if I post a clip from this and link back? Thanks 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  85. Hello
    Thank you for giving me useful information.
    Please keep posting good information in the future
    I will visit you often. Thank you.
    I am also running the site. 메이저놀이터 This is a related site, so please visit once.
    Have a niceday!

    ReplyDelete
  86. It's perfect.카지노사이트Can you look at your writing and bear with me?

    ReplyDelete

  87. minute after receiving various teams, Kudella during the game to the player team, during the treatment of the Kamara Kudella during the treatmentof the Kamara, and a colleague who 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  88. Either way, Prague won 2-0 to advance to the quarterfinals with a combined score of 3-1 in the first and second games.
    The situation is the situation in which the Prague player collapsed due to injuries, and the 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  89. I am a new user of this site so here i saw multiple articles and posts posted by this site,I curious more interest in some of them hope you will give more information on this topics in your next articles about 안전놀이터.

    ReplyDelete
  90. Your article was very impressive to me. It was unexpected information,but after reading it like this 메이저토토사이트, I found it very interesting.

    ReplyDelete
  91. It seems to be a really interesting article. After reading this article, I thought it was interesting, so I wrote it. I hope you can come to my site, 주식DB, read it and enjoy it.

    ReplyDelete
  92. Of course, your article is good enough, 온라인바둑이 but I thought it would be much better to see professional photos and videos together. There are articles and photos on these topics on my homepage, so please visit and share your opinions.

    ReplyDelete
  93. The two essentials you need to travel the world - money and time. Why you don't need much money for world travel and how to get more time to travel. flugradar live

    ReplyDelete
  94. HI~I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently.먹튀검증사이트

    ReplyDelete
  95. HI~With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation?.먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  96. In the meantime, I wondered why I couldn't think of the answer to this simple problem like this. Your article is an article that gives the answer to all the content I've been contemplating. 온라인홀덤

    ReplyDelete
  97. 라이센스 : 필리핀 정식 합법 라이센스 게임영상 : 부웅고게임/판타즈마/어거스트게이밍/게임아트/플레이스타/푸쉬게이밍/블루프린트 등 27개 게임사 제공 신규 가입혜택 : 가입 머니 2만원(입금액과 같이 사용 가능) 입금 보너스 : 매일 첫입금 20% (MAX 무제한)/매일 재입금 5% (MAX 무제한) 슬롯업계 중 가장많은 보너스혜택 제공 / 모든게임 롤링 100%
    슬롯사이트


    ReplyDelete
  98. Now that I've seen your sincere writing, I'm starting to have the desire to write again. Thank you for motivating me.메이저토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  99. wonderful points altogether,Perfect.This post is invaluable 토토존보증업체

    ReplyDelete
  100. He's growing up. It's growing.It's always coming. This blog is great. 놀이터추천

    ReplyDelete
  101. I want to start a blog to write about everything that happens at school and
    with friends…anonymously…any sugestions?.만남사이트

    ReplyDelete
  102. That is a very good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
    Short but very accurate info… Appreciate
    your sharing this one. A must read post해선사이트

    ReplyDelete
  103. 굉장히 활기찬 포스트, 저는 그 부분을 즐겼습니다. 윌
    2부가 있나요?우리카지노

    ReplyDelete
  104. It's really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. There is something you might be interested in. Do you know 온라인홀덤 ?

    ReplyDelete
  105. Wow, this paragraph is good, my 토토사이트 is analyzing these things, so I am going to inform her.

    ReplyDelete
  106. This article is very interesting information. It has helped me a lot. 먹튀검증 Thank you very much for providing this quality information in an easy-to-understand manner. Our site also provides high-quality information, so it will be helpful for your site. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  107. Hi ! I specialize in writing on these topics. My blog also has these types of articles and forums. Please visit once.먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  108. That is a very good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
    Short but very accurate info… Appreciate
    your sharing this one. A must read post선물옵션사이트

    ReplyDelete
  109. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you might be a great author.
    I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will eventually come back later on.일본야동

    ReplyDelete
  110. You did a great job writing. I have the same interests, so please bear with me here.먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  111. It's amazing that you figured all this out on your own, and I need to learn how to do it like you.메이저토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  112. It's really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. 사설토토

    ReplyDelete
  113. some strategy advice, and information on the rules and betting options. 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  114. Im lucky I did because now Ive received a whole new view of this. 파워볼

    ReplyDelete
  115. My site also has posts, comments and communities similar to yours. 안전놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  116. Your weblog is definitely worth a read if anyone comes throughout it. 메이저놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  117. Unbelievable!! The problem I was thinking about was solved.카지노사이트추천You are really awesome.

    ReplyDelete
  118. I've been looking for photos and articles on this topic over the past few days due to a school assignment, 먹튀검증업체 and I'm really happy to find a post with the material I was looking for! I bookmark and will come often! Thanks :D

    ReplyDelete
  119. I'm so happy to see such a good article after a long time, so I'd appreciate it if you gave me more information.안전놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  120. Your information was very useful to me. That's exactly what I've been looking for mlb중계

    ReplyDelete
  121. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it 온라인카지노

    ReplyDelete
  122. I'm so happy to see such a good article after a long time 메이저놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  123. I'd rather read this good article and increase my knowledge for a cup of tequila.메이저놀이터추천

    ReplyDelete
  124. It's soon enough to get a lot of information. I'm too happy to express it.사설토토

    ReplyDelete
  125. This is one very interesting post. I like the way you write and I will bookmark your blog to my favorites.메이저놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  126. Nice information, valuable and excellent design, as share good stuff with good ideas and concepts.먹튀검증커뮤니티

    ReplyDelete
  127. SpringMaids for Knoxville has to be your perfect partner in your Residential together with Commercial Maintenance needs. Relating to keeping your household and office environment clean, a very powerful factor is to get yourself a trusted, reliable together with qualified cleaning gps service provider. At SpringMaid for Knoxville, we supply convenience of the best maid provider in Knoxville for the cleaning necessities. cleaning services dubai

    ReplyDelete
  128. What a post I've been looking for! I'm very happy to finally read this post. 토토사이트 Thank you very much. Can I refer to your post on my website? Your post touched me a lot and helped me a lot. If you have any questions, please visit my site and read what kind of posts I am posting. I am sure it will be interesting.

    ReplyDelete
  129. Very nice post, i certainly love this website, keep on it.
    안전놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  130. I've been searching for hours on this topic and finally found your post. 메이저안전놀이터, I have read your post and I am very impressed. We prefer your opinion and will visit this site frequently to refer to your opinion. When would you like to visit my site?

    ReplyDelete
  131. I am the one who writes on a topic similar to yours. I hope you come to my blog and take a look at the posts I've been writing. 안전놀이터추천

    ReplyDelete
  132. Hello, I'm happy to see some great articles on your site. Would you like to come to my site later? My site also has posts, comments and communities similar to yours. Please visit and take a look 온라인홀덤

    ReplyDelete
  133. This is one very interesting post. I like the way you write and I will bookmark your blog to my favorites. 사설토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  134. I've been looking for photos and articles on this topic over the past few days due to a school assignment, 메이저놀이터순위 and I'm really happy to find a post with the material I was looking for! I bookmark and will come often! Thanks :D

    ReplyDelete
  135. In the meantime, I wondered why I couldn't think of the answer to this simple problem like this. Your article is an article that gives the answer to all the content I've been contemplating. 온라인홀덤

    ReplyDelete
  136. Hello! Nice to meet you, I say . The name of the community I run is 먹튀검증사이트, and the community I run contains articles similar to your blog. If you have time, I would be very grateful if you visit my site .

    ReplyDelete
  137. You made some good points there. I did a Google search about the topic and found most people will believe your blog. 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  138. In my opinion, the item you posted is perfect for being selected as the best item of the year. You seem to be a genius to combine 먹튀사이트 and . Please think of more new items in the future!

    ReplyDelete
  139. Thanks for some other excellent article. The place else may anybody get that type of info in such an ideal means of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I’m on the search for such information. 먹튀검증커뮤니티

    ReplyDelete
  140. Good day! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this page to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing. 안전사이트

    ReplyDelete
  141. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this site. I’m hoping to view the same high-grade content by you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own, personal website now. 사설놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  142. I seriously love your site.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you create this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m trying to create my very own site and would like to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Many thanks. 먹튀커뮤니티

    ReplyDelete
  143. The assignment submission period was over and I was nervous, sex and I am very happy to see your post just in time and it was a great help. Thank you ! Leave your blog address below. Please visit me anytime.

    ReplyDelete
  144. That's a great article! The neatly organized content is good to see. Can I quote a blog and write it on my blog? My blog has a variety of communities including these articles. Would you like to visit me later? 메이저안전놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  145. Your writing is perfect and complete. However, I think it will be more wonderful if your post includes additional topics that I am thinking of. I have a lot of posts on my site similar to your topic. Would you like to visit once? 먹튀커뮤니티

    ReplyDelete
  146. Your explanation is organized very easy to understand!!! I understood at once. Could you please post about 사설토토 ?? Please!!

    ReplyDelete
  147. I’m very pleased to discover this site. I want to to thank you for ones time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely savored every part of it and i also have you saved as a favorite to see new information on your blog. 메이저토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  148. It's really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. There is something you might be interested in. Do you know 토토커뮤니티 ? If you have more questions, please come to my site and check it out!

    ReplyDelete
  149. Every weekend i used to go to see this site, as i want enjoyment 안전놀이터, since this this site conations genuinely fastidious funny data too.

    ReplyDelete
  150. I am very impressed with your writingsex I couldn't think of this, but it's amazing! I wrote several posts similar to this one, but please come and see!

    ReplyDelete
  151. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that
    I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I'll be subscribing to your
    feed and I hope you write again very soon!풀싸롱

    ReplyDelete
  152. Thanks a lot for sharing this excellent article. Visitors will feel enjoy finding important things in your content. I am happy for myself and visitors for sharing this article. 온라인카지노

    ReplyDelete
  153. Hello, I read the post well. 안전놀이터추천 It's a really interesting topic and it has helped me a lot. In fact, I also run a website with similar content to your posting. Please visit once

    ReplyDelete
  154. Looking at this article, I miss the time when I didn't wear a mask. Kèonhàcái Hopefully this corona will end soon. My blog is a blog that mainly posts pictures of daily life before Corona and landscapes at that time. If you want to remember that time again, please visit us.

    ReplyDelete
  155. How do you get prospects to become clients? What extra can you add to your presentation to make the sale? Why not try an incentive? The three top incentives to get people to do anything is... 부산달리기

    ReplyDelete
  156. Choose the best and affordable assignment writing service with all over global best assignment help australia experts. GoAssignmentHelp.com.au professional assignment writers excel in creating ideas, knowledge, conducting peer reviews and eventually preparing the draft in a specified format as required for your assignment. We always aim at improving all our services about any Assignment Help in Melbourne, and we continuously conduct our research to establish better ways to serve you. AT our competitive prices, you can always be assured that you will get the best assignment help at the most affordable rates. GoAssignmentHelp.com.au is certified and recognised writing institution with core competencies in writing thesis, auditing assignment, homework and scholarly works. We have thousands of senior writers who offer 24/7 services.

    ReplyDelete
  157. Our creative team is simply outstanding. At JeewanGarg, being the best website designing company in Faridabad that works hard and bringing your ideas to life is our prime vision.

    ReplyDelete
  158. Tubitv.com/activate is an online platform that is a creation of Fox Corporation and stream the latest content and videos of your interest. In comparison to Netflix, the platform is free to access and you can watch as many as movies you want for free with the help of tubi. tubi tv


    Roadrunner email (webmail) is among the exceptionally famous email benefits in the United States. Here you will get complete information about Roadrunner email login issue. Possessed and constrained by Time Warner Cable Network, it enables clients to buy into the email which is diverted towards the system.
    Roadrunner email login

    ReplyDelete
  159. I was impressed by your writing. Your writing is impressive. I want to write like you.스포츠토토사이트 I hope you can read my post and let me know what to modify. My writing is in I would like you to visit my blog.

    ReplyDelete
  160. How do you get prospects to become clients? What extra can you add to your presentation to make the sale? Why not try an incentive? The three top incentives to get people to do anything is... 광주 아이러브밤

    ReplyDelete
  161. For travelers who shy away from the impersonal nature of hotel rooms, a bed and breakfast stay is exactly what you need.Because you are staying in a house with other guests and the innkeepers, there is less privacy than you would expect at a hotel, but this environment is perfect for a personalized experience. montreal travel restrictions

    ReplyDelete
  162. Recently, I have started to read a lot of unique articles on different sites, and I am enjoying that a lot. Although, I must tell you that I still like the articles here a lot. They are also unique in their own way 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  163. I am a fan who has watched your writing from before. I have learned a lot from you. Please come to my site and help me. 경마사이트

    ReplyDelete
  164. Wonderful post! We will be linking to this great article on our site. I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often! 바카라사이트

    ReplyDelete
  165. Well I definitely liked reading it. This information offered by you is very constructive for proper planning 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  166. Hello ! I am the one who writes posts on these topicssex I would like to write an article based on your article. When can I ask for a review?

    ReplyDelete
  167. It's the same topic, but I was surprised that it was so different from my opinion. I hope you feel the same after seeing the writings I have written. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  168. chalet style house - Having a small house doesn't mean you can't create a comfortable atmosphere and even make it look bigger. Previously, you need to know that this comfortable house does not always have to be filled with a lot of supporting furniture or decorations that are expensive, but simple home decorations. Yes, you only need to choose simple home decorations that can create the illusion of an eye and are space efficient. Still confused with simple home decorations that can create the illusion of an eye and are efficient? home garden appliances improvement Come on, take a look at the list of simple home decorations that you must have from Kania below! gmboel.com

    ReplyDelete
  169. I have been looking for articles on these topics for a long time. Kèobóngđá I don't know how grateful you are for posting on this topic. Thank you for the numerous articles on this site, I will subscribe to those links in my bookmarks and visit them often. Have a nice day.

    ReplyDelete

  170. I enjoy what you guys are usually up too. This type
    of clever work and exposure! Keep up the excellent works guys I’ve included you
    guys to our blogroll.

    My webpage – 풀싸롱
    (freaky)


    ReplyDelete
  171. Business CRM software has two main goals: to improve existing customer relationships and to gain new customers. Integration with other software allows this CRM system to be fully functional.

    ReplyDelete
  172. I'm so happy to finally find a post with what I want. 안전놀이터순위 You have inspired me a lot. If you are satisfied, please visit my website and leave your feedback.

    ReplyDelete
  173. An intriguing discussion may be worth comment. I’m sure you should write much more about this topic, may well be described as a taboo subject but generally folks are too little to chat on such topics. An additional. Cheers 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  174. That's a really impressive new idea! 온라인바카라 It touched me a lot. I would love to hear your opinion on my site. Please come to the site I run once and leave a comment. Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  175. Oh, the data you've shared in this incredible article is just magnificent. I am definitely going to make more use of this data in my future projects. You must continue sharing more data like this with us. 메이저사설놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  176. Thanks , I’ve just been looking for info about this subject for a long time and yours is the best I have found out till now. But, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you certain in regards to the source? 안전놀이터모음

    ReplyDelete
  177. Of course, your article is good enough, 먹튀검증 but I thought it would be much better to see professional photos and videos together. There are articles and photos on these topics on my homepage, so please visit and share your opinions.

    ReplyDelete
  178. Of course, your article is good enough, Tàixỉu but I thought it would be much better to see professional photos and videos together. There are articles and photos on these topics on my homepage, so please visit and share your opinions.

    ReplyDelete
  179. Thanks for sharing a great article.
    You are providing wonderful information, it is very useful to us.
    Keep posting like this informative articles.
    Thank you. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  180. You always comes with great stuff for your user. Thanks for being user friendly :) and Keep posting such great stuff
    카지노사이트

    ReplyDelete
  181. Hi! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga group?
    There's a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.
    Please let me know. Many thanks

    Feel free to surf to my webpage: 안마


    ReplyDelete
  182. Great blog article. Really looking forward to read more.바카라사이트

    ReplyDelete
  183. Thanks for sharing this marvelous post. I m very pleased to read this article.카지노사이트

    ReplyDelete
  184. This article is very helpful and interesting too. Keep doing this in future. I will support you.토토

    ReplyDelete
  185. It’s so good and so awesome. I am just amazed. I hope바카라사이트 that you continue to do your work like this in the future also.

    ReplyDelete
  186. I accidentally searched and visited your site. I still saw several posts during my visit, but the text was neat and readable. I will quote this post and post it on my blog. Would you like to visit my blog later? 카지노사이트추천

    ReplyDelete
  187. There must have been many difficulties in providing this information.Bóng88 Nevertheless, thank you for providing such high-quality information.

    ReplyDelete
  188. Positive site, where did u come up with the information on this posting?I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style. Thanks a million and please keep up the effective work. 메이저놀이터추천

    ReplyDelete
  189. Thanks for such a fantastic blog. Where else could anyone get that kind of info written in such a perfect way? I have a presentation that I am presently writhing on, and I have been on the look out for such great information. 코인카지노

    ReplyDelete
  190. Exceptional post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further. Thanks 사설토토사이트

    ReplyDelete

  191. Very good written article. It will be supportive to anyone who utilizes it, including me. Keep doing what you are doing ? can’r wait to read more posts.
    very nice article. 오피사이트

    ReplyDelete
  192. Your ideas inspired me very much. 바카라사이트추천 It's amazing. I want to learn your writing skills. In fact, I also have a website. If you are okay, please visit once and leave your opinion. Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  193. You should take part in a contest for one of the highest quality sites on the web.
    I’m going to recommend this website! 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  194. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog web site?
    The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted
    of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept 온라인경마

    ReplyDelete